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Dissertation Guide on Accession of Turkey into the EU

| October 18, 2012 | 0 Comments

The following guide represents a WritePass writer’s view on how he would approach a law dissertation on the accession of Turkey into the European Union. The guide presents a background of the writer’s education, his understand of the topic and how he would tackle it.

Part 1.0: My Understanding of the topic

I am a recent law graduate from the University of Glasgow (diploma in legal practice) after having studied the Accelerated LLB at the University of Edinburgh. I have a previous degree in journalism and have been writing for Writepass, specialising in legal research and essays, for one year. I have studied EU law as part of my course and enjoyed it immensely. I have written three law dissertations already for Writepass and I have been achieving a level of first class (70%+) thus far. I am a sharp and articulate writer who is also very interested in EU law and political affairs. I have access to a vast array of legal journals and books here in Edinburgh on the subject and I have conducted some research already into the accession of Turkey into the EU and the possible implications. The question you are looking to answer is challenging and cutting edge and I strongly believe I could write you not just a 2:1 dissertation but one to a first class level.

As regards the topic I think that the best way to do things is to a comparative study with Eastern European countries which takes into account the Arab spring to give it a cutting edge[1]. If we take an example such as Bulgaria or Romania we can see to what extent these countries influenced the whole region. It could be argued that Poland’s accession was vital to opening up the political processes in these other countries which now includes Croatia as well. Of course the reality of the situation is that Turkey is facing an almost insufferable amount of delay from the EU which has blocked its accession since negotiations began in 2005 principally because of its questionable human rights record and the vexed question of Cyprus[2]. Martin Kettle of the Guardian rightly observes:

“Last, but not least, there is the question of whether the EU can rise above its own perennial self-absorption and grasp that its relationship with Turkey, a European country of 77 million people and with a rapidly and roaringly expanding GDP of $875bn – the China of Europe, as the Economist dubbed it last week – can no longer be held hostage by the atavistic parochialism of a Greek Cypriot statelet of fewer than one million people and with a declining GDP of $23bn.”[3]

So although they have faced insufferable delays due to a number of matters it is not unthinkable to say they will surely join before we see 2025 as Kettle points out. My hypothesis would be that the accession of Turkey to the EU, uniquely placed as it is between muslims and christianity, will be nothing less than the missing link between the two and could perhaps open up the EU to the accession of those countries which have ignited the flames of democracy in the Arab Spring. Could Egypt, Tunisia and even Libya be EU members by 2025? This dissertation will attempt to navigate the difficult waters of what EU accession means, what it involves and what are its common effects. The accession ofTurkey to the EU could also be viewed as turning the Arab Spring into something which is enduring and that will change the face of the Middle East.

The next part will have the proposed structure of the dissertation.


Part 2      The proposed structure of the dissertation


Introduction                                                                                                                                                         3

Chapter 1: Background, overview and hypothesis                                                                           8

  1. The concept of enlargement of the EU                                                                                            8
  2. The accession of Turkey                                                                                                                     12
  3. The current state of affairs in the EU                                                                                               14
  4. The EU legal aspects of accession                                                                                                     15
  5. The EU in crisis?                                                                                                                                   16
  6. Hypothesis                                                                                                                                            16

Chapter 2: Case study of Eastern European countries                                                                 16

  1. The accession of Bulgaria and Romania                                                                                           16
  2. The accession of Poland                                                                                                                     18
  3. Political, economic and democratic effects                                                                                    19
  4. Results and conclusions                                                                                                                      21


Chapter 3: The Arab Spring                                                                                                                        27

  1. Tunisia, Egypt and Libya                                                                                                                      27
  2. What are the implications of the Arab Spring?                                                                              28
  3. Is the Arab Spring finished?                                                                                                               29
  4. The interplay of the revolutions and Turkey’s accession to the EU                                            30


Chapter 4: Research on the effects of Turkish accession on the Middle East                                          30

  1. Political                                                                                                                                                  30
  2. Economic                                                                                                                                               32
  3. Democratic                                                                                                                                           33


Chapter 5: The future of Turkey and the EU: is accession realistic?                                                          35

  1. The EU reports on Turkey’s membership                                                                                        32
  2. The economic crisis in the EU: does it make Turkish accession more or less likely?               34

Chapter 6: Recommendations                                                                                                                          38

  1. Reforming the Copenhagen criteria                                                                                                 38
  2. The Euro                                                                                                                                                39
  3. C.       Relaxing requirements for Middle Eastern countries                                                                   39


Conclusion                                                                                                                                                             41


Bibliography                                                                                                                                                          42



Part 3 Final Comments

It is important to note that this is just a first draft for the structure so it is open to changes. I chose Poland, Bulgaria and Romania as case studies to look at as a model for Turkey’s accession. It might also be possible to look at Croatia which is the latest country to join the EU. The case studies should look at the economic, political and democratic effect of the accession of each of these countries on the Balkans.  I think it could be a terrific dissertation which is timely and challenging.

[1] To exclude the Arab Spring would be to ignore the most significant political developments in the Middle East of recent decades – this study needs to look at it to have any legitimacy


[3] Kettle, Martin (2010) ‘Disgracefully, Turkey’s EU Accession Bid is Going Nowhere Soon’ from Guardian online retrieved on 18th June 2011 and available from:

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